March 24, 2009 update:

Minor update: reprogrammed the 4' Spitzphiefe stoptab to be a 4' Dulcet (using the 822's 4' section of the 8' Dulciana). It works perfectly there and sounds great with the Violin Diapason as a 4' addition to that....will be very nice for string ensembles without using the 4' Swell to Swell coupler which puts on EVERYTHING at 4'. I'm going to have to locate another Reuter Dulciana rank to make a 4' independant string rank in the back room (there is room for small ranks like that). I was thinking a Gemshorn but a 4' Dulcet (Dulciana) would be a perfect match to the other ranks and keep the flavor of the organ the same.

The 4' Spitzpfiefe (4' unit stop of the 8' Spitzflote) was just way too quiet to even be heard above any rank other than the Spiztflote making it pretty "useless". The Dulcet is loud enough to be heard with all the flue ranks on the organ, but not overpowering or too biting like a 4' Salicional stop can be.

March 24, 2009 update:


If anyone out there in the USA has a 49 (can be a few notes short) note chest that would work with a 57 scale celeste rank please contact me!

Would prefer a double row chest, but a single row might work, or even a triple row..

This would be used on my Viole Celeste rank. Trevor brought down a chest I am using for it, but it was built for a Gemshorn rank and I'm thinking of using it for either a Gemshorn, OR for a 2nd Trumpet rank so if you have a little offset celeste chest let me know via the email link from the main page, thanks!!!

If you have 2 let me know....I could use more!

March 20, 2009 update:

No updates for a while now.... Tim got some of the framing done one one side of the swell shade frame. The swell mechanism won't be installed/finished until after the remaining pipes get moved around and set in place and the releathering done on the 822.

We await Ed's return to releather the EP notes of the 822 main chest sometime after Easter.

Once the 822 gets releathered we will be moving the Schlicker 16' note pedal extention next to it (but still alowing about a 10" space just large enough to MAYBE squeeze thru for tuning....I better work on my dieting!

After we get the Schlicker moved we are going to place a 1910 Austin Posaune 16' 32 rank pedal stop in the back room...partically where the 12 notes of the Schlicker 16 were located..and the other 20 notes in front of the Subbass 16' pipes. This will require moving the Clarinet 4' chest (the 8' 12 notes are on a separate chest and won't need to be moved. The Clarinet will be moved either above the bathroom, or reconfigured in the swell chamber (there is room to put it sort of above (and in front of) the Tibia 8' section allowing access to all parts of the organ although tuning it there could be interesting.

We shall see on that.

Just plain out of room but we will get that Posaune in one way or another even if it means less than ideal tonal placement for the Clarinet rank above the bathroom.

The other rank I'm going to attempt to keep is the Holtkamp-Vottler-Sparling Tuba rank. I'm placing another 8' trumpet in it's chest that is narrower scale..and will have to find another chest for the Tuba, but I will attempt to do so, but fast running out of room above the bathroom for all these reed ranks!

I will start recording some Bach & Buxtehude later next week I hope!

March 16, 2009 update:

A photo of the "winker" on the Montre. This may get moved back underneath the staircase to make it more "presentable" long term, but it does make a big difference in the rank to have it on!

Tim getting the framing underway for the swell shades.

Note the gaps underneath the bottom 2x4...we will most likely be leaving that area open (with a decorative screen). A lot depends on how the organ sounds under expression. I'm concerned the "Swell" organ is already not very loud as it has to speak up over that bathroom that Tim is standing I want to leave all options open for as much tonal egress as possible!

March 15, 2009 update:

Posted new recordings on the MP3 page of the Dulciana Celeste, the relocated Viole Celeste and of the Montre 8' (now with a winker!). (A winker stabilizes the wind pressure in the chest so that the pipes don't "worble" while playing. The Montre had been a rank I could only use for a few recordings where the "warbling" was not too is now much more stable and useable as a solo rank. I'll be making more recordings of all these ranks over the coming month or so. In particular I plan on doing alot of "orchestral" works to showcase the lush strings available now on the 822.

This builder plate is from the opus 195 Reuter theatre organ of 1926, originally built for the Hotel Orndorff (Cortez) in El Paso, Texas.

In this photograph you can see 3 of the 4 ranks from the opus 195 organ that are on the expanded opus 822:

Subbass 16' (Pedal), Tibia Clausa 8' (Swell & Pedal), and Viole Celeste 8' (Swell).

The mostly complete Holtkamp console. Just a few stoptabs need updated. This is the maximum amount of stoptabs possible the Syndyne system on this console (56), spread out over 20 swell and 20 great stops in addition to the 16 pedal stops. Thus this organ is mostly straight with only 4 "unit" stoptabs on the Swell, and 4 "unit" tabs on the Great...for the most part the only expansion possible in the future would be to "un-unitize" those stops (which are very necessary stops - the 16' Diapason is Tenor C from the 822's Diapason...the 4' unit stops of the 8' Tibia, 8' Gedeckt, and 8' well as the 2' unit stops of the Spitzflote, Gedeckt and 2 2/3' Nazard of the well as a 4 rank unit mixture). I wish I had more room for more unit stops..would love a 4' Violina from the Salicionals, and I'd LOVE to unitize just about every stop on the organ at 16'/8'/4'/2' along with some mutations BUT there is just no more room for ANY other stops so I have to make due with Pitch Couplers which sort of works but is very 'in-elegant' for registration compared to being able to add select pitches of a multitude of ranks for just the right tone color.

A view of the "innards" of the Holtkamp console. As you can see, just about every inch of space inside the stoptab box is used!

This is Trevor's chest in use for the "Viole Celeste". It will need reworked, and a new rackboard made as in this photograph you can just see the carpeting being used at some of the pipe toes to keep the pipes "somewhat" vertical!

Trevor playing the organ after everything was re-programmed..which was QUITE a project. There is a driver board for each rank of pipes that is programmed by "dip switches" to program the Holtkamp console stoptabs. It involves about 6 steps for programming each stoptab, and many variables for each step can make that process quite complicated so we have designed a "programming" book that lists each of these steps for each stoptab for each driverboard which should make this time consuming process much easier in the future. You may wonder why it would be necessary to re-program stoptabs...that is only done when the ranks get changed around and all the stoptabs have to be re-ordered so that they are in a recognizable order on the console for the organist. This organ will be getting at least one more rank of pipes added sometime this summer depending on how the re-leathering goes on the 822 main chest, and at that time some reprogramming of stoptabs will be done on the pedal division. That will not require any changes to the Swell or Great stoptabs unless by then another SMALL rank comes available.

A note on future ranks I would consider:

A 4' Flute to "un-unitize" the Great's Gedeckt rank. I have the pipes for this from the opus 412 Bourdon rank so I am considering that, but space for that rank would have to be found somewhere in the house and not really sure it is necessary as the unit 4' stop works just fine so that is not a priority.

another rank: A French Horn. Trevor has one he will loan me which we are perhaps someday going to try and shoe-horn into the swell chamber, but doing so with the remaining space most likely precludes this.

The 16' Posaune for the pedal is in storage now in the garage. I have chests ready for it, just need to get the 822 re-leathered first so we can move the Schlicker 16' pedal extention to the main room next to the 822 chest (not enough space to work on the 822 chest with that rank next to it so awaiting putting in the 16' Posaune until the 822 gets releathered.

Speaking of re-leathering: I don't know that I put that in the blog but there were two dead notes on the Diapason rank of the 822. They go out every Christmas and come back every Easter....we had thought it was a wood split causing the pouches not to work correctly that opened up in the dry months of the winter. However after Trevor pulled a section of the bottom boards beneath the 822 main chest we quickly ascertained that the leather on the 822 does in fact need to be replaced. After Trevor put it back together the 2 notes started working again though so the 822 chest is 100% operational now (for the first time in probably 10 years at least), but the leather is 60 years old and I do want to go ahead and redo everything to get it in top notch shape.

Next project for Trevor & Tim: Swell shades. Here is Trevor & Bernadette at the Home Depot picking out wood to make the swell shades.

Quite a bit of wood!

Tim getting it loaded up...(made it home without it falling out!)

Current specification of 22 ranks of pipes, including the original 5 ranks of the Reuter opus 822 pipe organ
as well as additions from the opus 195, 412 & 638 Reuter pipe organs which are identified by opus number in the stoplist below.

Reuter opus 195: 1926. Reuter opus 412: 1931, Reuter opus 638, 1940, Reuter opus 822, 1948. The Spitsflote & Flute Celeste are Reuter ranks of unknown vintage.

The 3 non-Reuter ranks are: Clarinet, 1920's Moller, the Schlicker 16' Trumpet extention is of 1980's vintage, the prepared Posaune 16' is a Austin of 1920's vintage.

The Austin Posaune 16' pedal rank will be installed later this year after the 822 main chest has been releathered (can't move the Schlicker to next to the 822 chest until all the releather work is done on the 822 so as not to impede access to the 822 chest).

22 Ranks (plus one prepared

1,569 pipes


1. 32' Gravissima (822 Gedeckt Resultant)
2. 16' Subbass
(195 - Swell)
3. 16' Bourdon (822 Gedeckt, full)
4. 16' Lieblich Gedeckt (822 Gedeckt, soft)
5. 8' Diapason (822)
6. 8' Montre (638)
7. 8' Tibia Clausa (195 - Swell)
8. 8' Bass Flute (822 Gedeckt)
9. 8' Cello (822 Salicional)
10. 8' Dolce (822 Dulciana)
11. 4' Octave (412 Octave - Swell)
12. 4' Flute (822 Gedeckt)
13. 16' Trumpet (Schlicker)
14. 16' Posaune (Austin - Prepared)
15. 8' Oboe (822 Oboe)
16. Swell to Pedal

1. 16' Diapason (822 Diapason, TC)
2. 8' Open Diapason (822 Diapason)
3. 8' Tibia Clausa (195,Swell)
4. 8' Gedeckt (822)
5. 8' Salicional (822)
6. 8' Dulciana (822)
7. 8' Dulciana Celeste (412, TC, fireplace)
8. 4' Octave (412, Swell)
9. 4' Flute (822, Gedeckt)
10. 2 2/3' Nazard (822, Gedeckt)
11. 2' Spitz Principal (412 - Swell)

12. 2' Flautino (Gedeckt, 822)
13. Mixture IV

  • (1 3/5 Tierce, Salicional, 822)
  • (1' Spitzflote)
  • (1' Spitz Principal, 412)
  • (1' Gedeckt, 822)
    14. 8' Oboe (822)
    15. 8' Clarinet (Moller, Swell)
    16. Chimes

    17. Swell to Great
    18. Great to Great 16'
    19. Great to Great 4'
    20. Tremolo

  • 1. 8' Tibia Clausa (195)
    2. 8' Grand Diapason (412)
    3. 8' Violin Diapason (412)
    4. 8' Viole Celeste (195, TC)
    5. 8' Melodia (412)
    6. 8' Echo Salicional (412)
    7. 8' Vox Celeste (TC, 412)
    8. 8' Spitz Flote (Reuter)
    9. 8' Flute Celeste (Reuter)
    10. 4' Tibia Flute (195 Tibia Clausa)
    11. 4' Dulcet (GT -822 Dulciana)
    12. 2' Flautina Dolce (Spitzflote)
    13. 8' Trumpet
    14. 8' Hautbois (412)
    15. 8' Vox Humana (195)

    16. Swell to Swell 16'
    17. Swell Unison Off
    18. Swell to Swell 4'

    19. 8' Montre - 638, (Fireplace & Facade)
    20. 8' Oboe - 822 (GT)

    Some notes on stoptab arrangement: Generally the "loudest" to "softest", flue to reed layout is on the stoptab divisions. The exceptions are the 8' Montre (Fireplace & facade rank) on the Swell which is not under expression, but playable from the Swell well as the 8' Oboe which is playable now on both manuals.

    For now I wanted those two ranks which are not "expressed" to be separate visually on the stoprail so the organist would know which ranks on the swell can be expressed.

    Eventually another stop on the swell will utilize that stoptab space but for now I wanted to have the "big" reeds playable from one manual to to contrast with the big diapason chorus on the Great for some large French works I will be recording later this summer.

    Also toying with moving the Clarinet to the "Great" room. That rank does not take up alot of space and would fit around the original 822 console, and by doing so would free up a large amount of space back in the Swell chamber for either a complete 16' and 8' Posaune or perhaps even a French Horn. Another option would be to utilize the 4' section of the original opus 412 Reuter organ's Bourdon as a independant 4' flute either on the Great, or in the swell. That Bourdon is the only manual rank not utilized from the opus 412 (the two pedal ranks are not used, but in storage).

    The Clarinet rank works well on the Great Manuel as a solo rank against the strings and Melodia on the Swell manual so I will be leaving it on the Great manual, but "MAY" move it out of expression possibly.

    Because this is such a large two manual organ with multiple 8' ranks, the stoptab layout needs to be this diverse to allow the best combination of ranks to be played against other combinations of ranks, thus SOME swell ranks are playable on the Great, and some "unexpressed" ranks are playable from the swell.

    March 13, 2009 update:

    Yesterday Tim and Trevor (above in photograph so happy to be soldering on the Holtkamp) spent the day primarily finishing up wiring on the Hotlkamp console as well as installing the Viole Celeste 8' chest in the Swell chamber.

    Here you can see that chest (without pipes) along the back wall above the 8" windline to the Tibia, Vox and we did locate a nice spot for this chest without taking up prescious floor space!

    You will note there was a 8' Trumpet octave in a separate chest (12 bottom notes) on the floor here. We have removed that chest and will be placing the Trumpet 8' notes (1 thru 12) on the chest above the bathroom (there are slots in the chest for them, just will require some arranging of the pipes to fit underneath the I will be without a full trumpet until that gets done.

    But hopefully Trevor or Ed will be back down in a few weeks and can get that in.

    I THINK the Viole Celeste is going to sound VERY NICE with the Violin Diapason in its new location, much much much nicer than it did when those pipes were on the fireplace rank in the "Great" area of the organ. Moving it back to the Swell with its paired rank I think will make it blend MUCH nicer.

    For those not up to date, we put the opus 412's Dulciana pipes (from Tenor C) on the Fireplace chest upstairs that had been the home of the Viole Celeste. The Dulciana pipes are a perfect spot-on celeste match for the opus 822's Dulciana rank (tuned flat, a la "Unda Maris").

    Once Trevor and Tim get the Viole celeste up and running and the Holtkamp console reprogrammed to run everything they will begin preparations on the Swell chamber. The Swell shutters will get started on this trip but won't be finished up for possibly quite some time...will know more on that by Saturday.

    March 12, 2009 update:

    Yesterday Tim, Trevor & Myself went up to Columbus, Indiana to hear Ed Bruenjes play a Lenten Series Concert at Asbury United Methodist Church (link) in Columbus, Indiana.

    This organ (see link above) is an organ that Ed has installed. It is a perfect pairing of organ to a beautiful accoustic.

    Here is Ed with the "great" division of the organ.

    After the beautiful concert we stopped by another church in Columbus, Indiana, North Christian (link) so that Trevor could give the Holtkamp there a whirl...

    Trevor at the Holtkamp.

    I learned thru Trevor that the Copula rank on this organ is rank developed by Walter Holtkamp that closely follows the proportions of a Wurlitzer Tibia (without the theatre style tremulant), but with arched cut ups.

    Reuter 822 progress yesterday:

    Tim and Trevor completed the wiring on the 5 additional stoptabs to the Holtkamp console which will change the specification somewhat in how the organ is played.

    Trevor got the winkers installed on the Trumpet and on the Montre facade rank. The Montre facade rank winker does not look very "stylish" so we will be redoing that in the future for a more "presentable" facade, however the winker is very necessary for that rank to function properly.

    Trevor also got the Vox Humana valve tremulant he will get the Tibia Tremulant installed and begin to get the Viole Celeste in place or to start working on swell shades with Tim.

    Trevor (left) and Tim (right) working on wiring up the 5 new stoptabs to the Holtkamp console. This is maxing out the console at 56 stoptabs, 20 swell, 20 great and 16 pedal.

    The "missing tooth" space between the tabs is a break between divisions. Because of space contraints 4 tabs of the "great" must be placed on the top row to the right of the Swell stoptabs.

    March 11, 2009 update:

    Trevor is working on winkers and tremulants....Tim is adding the 5 additional stoptabs to the Holtkamp console which will fully maximize its abilities to control the organ.

    Adding 2 pedal stoptabs..for now a Cello 8' and probably a blank to use as a coupler which eventually will be another 16' Trumpet. Trevor brought down a 16/8/4 Trumpet (Austin) that will make a MARVELOUS 16' pedal rank on the organ. I hope we can figure out how to make it a completely independant 16' 32 note rank but that probably won't happen until later spring/summer as another issue has appeared:

    There were two dead notes on the Diapason 8' on the 822 that quit working every fall and start working again every spring. When Trevor dropped the boards on the chest yesterday he quickly discovered that the leather needs replaced, probably on the entire 822 organ so....when Ed returns later this spring I hope we can get the 822 chest releathered entirely.

    Once the 822 chest is releathered then we will be moving the Schlicker 16' pedal extention from the swell chamber to behind the 822 chest. But we can't do that until the 822 is completley releathered so that we can get good access to the 822 the 2nd 16' Trumpet will have to wait until then.

    The other stoptab additions: on the Great, adding a unit 16' Diapason stop (this will be TC only)...the original 822 console has this unit stop and I used it quite often and sorely miss it, so we will be adding it again. That will allow me to have a 16', 8', 4' and 2' diapason chorus without using a pitch coupler which I have found "over-muddies" things. I also like the 16' Diapason with the 8' and 4' Gedeckt on the 822..a very nice combination that I have really missed.

    And also adding a Great Unison Off...or perhaps a 16' Contra Oboe (16' pitch TC extention of the 822's Oboe....another very useful 16' TC stop.... The stoptab we are adding to the Swell will be the Viole Celeste which is getting moved to the swell chamber this week I hope!

    After we get the console wired up for the additional stoptabs Tim will begin building the frame for the swell shutters!

    March 10, 2009 update:

    Ok.....we are back to work!

    Tim and I worked on sound insulation around the main chests to reduce blower noise and noise from the magnets, that is going very well....the organ continues to sound better and better as we reduce extraneous noises....still have the opus 412 chest to do yet today. I won't be posting recordings until I get it all done as it should be remarkabely silent when all the soundproofing is done!

    The "big" event of March 9th was when Tim and I replaced the Viole Celeste (upstairs fireplace rank) with a Dulciana (56 scale) rank to work as a Dulciana Celeste with the opus 822's Dulciana rank.

    OH MY sounds just heavenly...I could NOT be more thrilled with its awesome fits the Dulciana rank as a celeste like a glove, just perfectly!

    Trevor brought down another chest for the Viole Celeste..we are moving those pipes back to the swell chamber (we did find a possible spot) to work as a celeste rank with the Violin Diapason.

    That will give the organ 4 celestes...and I believe the Viole Celeste will work very well in the swell chamber with the Violin Diapason to that I will have 4 perfectly matched celeste ranks.

    I could not be more pleased with the Dulciana Celeste. Having it on the "great" manual (exposed) is VERY nice as a "foil" to the celestes on the Swell organ. Also it is a perfect accompniament stop to the Hautbois and Melodia and Violin Diapason on the Swell which will make many more possiblities available on the organ for some very lovely rich recording sounds.

    Some photos of the Dulciana Celeste:

    Here you can see the "scale" of 56...which is a bit fatter than the 57 scale Viole Celeste rank that was in place on this chest.

    However these pipes are MUCH quieter and gentle sounding.

    A history of the "Dulciana Celeste":

    This rank is from the Opus 412 Reuter Pipe organ of Nevada, Iowa, of 1938.

    Originally it was a 73 note unit rank playing at unison pitch as a "straight" Dulciana at 6 inches of wind. We have it tuned flat as a "unda maris" of sorts and running it at 4 inches of wind where it matches the Reuter opus 822's Dulciana at 5 inches of wind just perfectly.


    Dulciana Celeste:

    An undulating manual stop of 8' composed of two ranks of Dulciana pipes, sometimes voiced especially for the celeste function. Since this is a dull celeste, it is more useful at a slow undulation, which will impair its timbre and the timbres of other stops less. It is usually normal-sharp, but normal-flat is also head in some examples. The sharp-flat pattern does not leave a normal rank free for combination. This sedate, quiet, somewhat colorless stop makes and ideal background and accompaniment tone.

    Bonavia-Hunt mentions the stop, saying:
    The earliest form of celeste consists of two dulcianas, which tuned to beat at a slow pulsation rate gave a pleasing effect. This type of celeste was in vogue for many years (often labelled "vox angelica") until the introduction of string tone of the viol type suggested the string or violes celestes.

    I do like that Vox Angelica name!....., and may have a stoptab engraved for that someday (but I already have a stoptab engraved for Dulciana Celeste so may leave it as that name for now).

    Tim putting up some of the Dulciana Celeste pipes.

    Here they are in place, we did get the one pipe out of place, fitted in, and the two pipes on the left need to have the felt "packing" around the pipe bases adjusted so that the pipes will be "straight".

    Here is the "former" fireplace rank, the Viole Celeste. Note the wooden beards on each note which act to make the sound much more strident. These pipes will go on another chest and be placed in the back swell chamber to be "paired" with the Violin Diapason.

    March 5, 2009 update:

    Finally got around to posting some better quality photographs of the new additions to the 822. They are located at:

    March 4, 2009 update:

    Well after a long winter, getting ready to start again on several projects.

    Tim and Trevor return next week to begin finishing details of the organ:

    1. Install winkers on the Montre, Trumpet & Tibia.

    2. Replace Voteller-Holtkamp-Sparling Tuba with a Austin Trumpet for test purposes - Trevor has a Austin Trumpet 16/8/4 that is voiced to better match the wind supply on the we will see how it goes, sounds and whether it holds tune.

    3. Insulate around the reservoirs of the 822 and 412 so that the recordings would be better insulated from any blower noise (there is still some so we are going to attempt to insulate this further).

    4. Move the Viole Celeste to the swell chamber, install the opus 412 Dulciana (TC) on the fireplace upstairs as a Dulciana Celeste with the Opus 822's Dulciana.

    5. Add about 5 stoptabs to the Holtkamp console to uitilize a few more unit stops.

    6. Get the Tremulants installed FINALLY on the Tibia.

    8. Experiment on wind supply issues to the Subbass 16, utilizing the 412 reservoir instead of the Tibia reservoir.

    PREVIOUS blog postings WITH photographs at:

    January 1 thru February 28, 2009 blog updates

    September 2008 - December 31, 2008 blog updates, final remarks for 2008.

    July20 - September 2008 blog updates, including information on the clarinet rank.

    July1 - 18 2008 blog updates, includes a visit to Georgia, and placement of the Austin Armory Trumpet.

    June, 2008 blog updates, including photos of the newly installed opus 412 pipes.

    May 6 thru May 31, 2008 blog updates, including photos and historical information on the Austin Atlanta Armory Trumpet

    January thru May 5th 2008 blog updates.

    2004 thru 2007 blogs.

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